Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date



In this chapter we:

  1. Review some of the measures that have been used in the past to attempt to assess the state of the animals and the extent to which we can continue to apply these measures to track future changes.
  2. Review some of the emerging tools and developing technologies that can improve our tracking of the state of the animals and provide some quantitative measures of our progress.
  3. Explore some examples of general measures of human interaction with animals that might prove useful in predicting and tracking changes in how they are treated.