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Download Table of Contents / Foreward (141 KB)

Download Chapter 1 - Introduction (1.0 MB)

Download Chapter 2 - Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (2.5 MB)

Download Chapter 3 - The European War and Animal Protection (752 KB)

Download Chapter 4 - Animal Welfare Associations (980 KB)

Download Chapter 5 - State Activities for Animal Welfare (573 KB)

Download Chapter 6 - Organization and Finances of Anti-Cruelty Societies (937 KB)

Download Chapter 7 - Recent Developments in Animal Protection (1.7 MB)

Download Chapter 8 - Humane Education (1.6 MB)

Download Chapter 9 - Antivivisection (1.6 MB)

Download Chapter 10 - Organizations for Child Protection (4.7 MB)

Download Chapter 11 - Policies and Activities of Child Protective Societies (2.1 MB)

Download Chapter 12 - State Activities for Child Protection (436 KB)

Download Appendices (7.0 MB)

Download Bibliography (262 KB)

Download Index (656 KB)


This study attempts to continue for the brief period from 1910 to 1922 Professor Roswell C. McCrea's descriptive survey of the Humane Movement in the United States, which covered the distinctive features of legislation and organized efforts for animal and child protection. Professor McCrea gave an outline presentation of the historical background and development for at least a generation prior to 1909-1910. While making free use of Professor McCrea's materials and in some cases restating his conclusions, I have made no attempt to cover the same ground, but have begun this study with the year 1909-1910 where he left off.

Publication Date



Columbia University


New York


children, animal welfare, anti-vivisection, humane education, animal law, anti-cruelty


Animal Studies | Civic and Community Engagement | Politics and Social Change


Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Political Science, Columbia University.

The Humane Movement in the United States: 1910-1922