Using arguments derived from the work of Axel Honneth (2006), we show that animal research involves an institutionalized failure to recognize nonhuman animals that not only reifies animals but the human persons engaged in this process, diminishing the scope of their moral agency and causing moral injury. In this chapter, we begin by briefly articulating the harms to animals in research and the more conventional harms to humans that can arise as a result of animal research, before making a case for the ethical damage wrought by the failures of recognition inherent within the system of animal research. We conclude with a brief outline of our approach as a means of effecting change in animal research.
Johnson, J., & Smajdor, A. (2019). Human Wrongs in Animal Research: A Focus on Moral Injury and Reification. In Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change (pp. 305-318). Brill.