Download Full Text (3.7 MB)

Download Overview: The State of Animals in 2001 (531 KB)

Download Chapter 1: A Social History of Postwar Animal Protection (183 KB)

Download Chapter 2: Cruelty to Animals: Changing Psychological, Social, and Legislative Perspectives (201 KB)

Download Chapter 3: Social Attitudes and Animals (162 KB)

Download Chapter 4: From Pets to Companion Animals (161 KB)

Download Chapter 5: Farm Animals and Their Welfare in 2000 (485 KB)

Download Chapter 6: Progress in Livestock Handling and Slaughter Techniques in the United States, 1970–2000 (2.0 MB)

Download Chapter 7: Animal Research: A Review of Developments, 1950–2000 (295 KB)

Download Chapter 8: The First Forty Years of the Alternatives Approach: Refining, Reducing, and Replacing the Use of Laboratory Animals (210 KB)

Download Chapter 9: Is There a Place in the World for Zoos? (146 KB)

Download Chapter 10: Animal Protection in a World Dominated by the World Trade Organization (223 KB)

Download Chapter 11: Urban Wildlife (183 KB)


How has the state of animals improved in the last half century? How has it worsened? Where are gains made on behalf of animals under threat? In one landmark volume, distinguished scholars and experts examine these questions–and offer often-provocative answers–for farm animals, companion animals, laboratory animals, zoo animals, and wildlife worldwide.



Publication Date


Series Name

Public Policy Series


Humane Society Press


Washington, DC


Animal Sciences | Animal Studies | Politics and Social Change

The State of the Animals: 2001