Author Website


Commentary Type

Invited Commentary


Andrew Crump, Heather Browning, Alex Schnell, Charlotte Burn, and Jonathan Birch, Sentience in decapod crustaceans: A general framework and review of the evidence


Crump et al. provide eight criteria for evaluating sentience in decapods, with scope for for application to other taxa. Their work has attracted the interest of policymakers. This commentary discusses the limitations of conceptual and legal acknowledgement of sentience in chainging practice and public attitudes. More work is needed. Social science may be able to help.

Author Biography

Richard Gorman is an interdisciplinary social scientist with a focus on how people’s cultural, ethical, and emotional relationships with animals can produce complex policy relating human and animal care. In previous work he has explored animal-therapies, and the ethics of using horseshoe crab blood within pharmaceutical practices. Website