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Andrew N. Rowan, Joyce M. D'Silva, Ian J.H. Duncan, and Nicholas Palmer, Animal sentience: history, science, and politics


My commentary builds on Rowan et al.’s (2022) comprehensive review to address the question ‘what do we mean by sentience?’ It suggests how we might recognise degrees of sentience within the animal kingdom, ranging from primitive sensations such as hunger and pain to more complex emotions that determine quality of life.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Author Biography

John Webster is Emeritus Professor of Animal Husbandry, University of Bristol School of Veterinary Science, where he established the internationally recognised Bristol Centre for Animal Behaviour and Welfare Science. He was a founder member of the UK Farm Animal Welfare Council. Website