Irina Mikhalevich and Russell Powell, Minds without spines: Evolutionarily inclusive animal ethics


Mikhalevich & Powell (2020) argue that we should attribute moral standing not only to vertebrates but also to certain invertebrates. M&P also object on ethical grounds to policies of scientific funding agencies that encourage scientists to replace vertebrates by invertebrates in research. M&P do allow that some invertebrates with brains may have lower levels of moral status than some vertebrates, but this seems to conflict with their case against replacement policies.

Author Biography

Steve Clarke is an Associate Professor of Philosophy in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Charles Sturt University, Australia and Senior Research Associate in the Wellcome Centre for Ethics and Humanities, and the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Faculty of Philosophy, at the University of Oxford. Website