Irina Mikhalevich and Russell Powell, Minds without spines: Evolutionarily inclusive animal ethics


Neither sentience nor moral standing is confined to animals with large or human-like brains. Invertebrates deserve moral consideration. Definition of terms clarifies the relationship between sentience and welfare. All animals have welfare but humans give more protection to sentient animals. Humans should be less human-centred.

Author Biography

Donald M. Broom is Emeritus Professor of Animal Welfare at Cambridge University, Department of Veterinary Medicine and St Catharine's College. His research concerns the scientific assessment of animal welfare, cognitive abilities of animals, ethics of animal usage and sustainable farming. Website