Dietrich, Eric and Fox Hall, Tara (2020) Moral treatment for all. Animal Sentience 29(23)
Irina Mikhalevich and Russell Powell, Minds without spines: Evolutionarily inclusive animal ethics
There is no way to include invertebrates within the moral sphere without being “extreme” — to use Mikhalevich & Powell’s term. This is because of the profound difficulties in correctly attributing sentience. This commentary argues that we have a moral duty to be extreme.