Adrian Treves, Francisco J. Santiago-Ávila, and William S. Lynn, Just preservation


The target article outlines various positions on conservation and preservation but ignores practical considerations of management since there is no wild habitat left. Population controls, either human or nonhuman mammals, are not discussed. The suggestions for legal changes are vague and will require much more thinking about how to integrate animal welfare with wildlife conservation concerns. “Freedoms” as outlined in the human bill of rights might help with decision making for improving animal welfare. Other commentators have made anthropocentric judgements concerning animal welfare, ignoring the importance of developing other ways of seeing and understanding the “multiplicity within unity,” combining empirical data and technological data with subjective judgement, proving crucial for survival.

Author Biography

Marthe Kiley-Worthington, Director, Eco Research & Education Centre, is a specialist in the theory and practice of ecological agriculture and animal welfare for farm, companion, zoo, sanctuary and wild animals. Website