Adrian Treves, Francisco J. Santiago-Ávila, and William S. Lynn, Just preservation


Commentators Washington (2019) and Tiffin (2019) point out that the individual vs. collective dichotomy is much more complex than what is considered in the target article. This commentary will focus on why individuals are more important than collectives. Species differences in cognition and emotional processes and individuals’ feelings and experiences need to be taken into account.

Author Biography

Catia Correia Caeiro studies cognitive capacities in different species (e.g., primates and domestic animals) from a comparative and evolutionary perspective. Her research focuses on communication and emotional processes in nonhuman animals. Website