Brennan, Ozy (2019) Complexity of wild ruminants. Animal Sentience 25(38)
Lori Marino and Debra Merskin, Intelligence, complexity, and individuality in sheep
Marino & Merskin discuss ways that popular culture winds up depicting sheep as meek and unintelligent rather than as the complex, social species they are. I extend their analysis to apply to wild ruminants, particularly deer.