Lori Marino and Debra Merskin, Intelligence, complexity, and individuality in sheep


The mistreatment of sheep is not because of fables, stereotypes, unconscious cultural paradigms, our collective consciousness, anthropocentricism, human arrogance, or our drive to dominate. Nonetheless, protections for sheep used in research and agriculture ought to be strengthened.

Author Biography

Sean Hermanson, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Florida International University in Miami, specializes in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. His work on animals includes articles on bees, monkeys and bats. He also has interests in the metaphysics of consciousness, introspection, human nature, and implicit bias. Website