Lori Marino and Debra Merskin, Intelligence, complexity, and individuality in sheep


Marino & Merskin’s valuable review of the literature on sheep cognition shows how entrenched common views of these animals’ mental lives are disputed by the research literature. Yet the evidence they muster faces three challenges that their target article does not discuss: (1) the behavioral tasks are strongly anthropocentric; (2) neuroscientific data are absent; and (3) applications are not discussed. I touch on all three of these here.

Author Biography

Ralph Adolphs is a social neuroscientist who studies emotions in humans. He is the Bren Professor of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Biology at the California Institute of Technology. Adolphs is the co-author of the book, The Neuroscience of Emotion: A New Synthesis, Princeton University Press, 2018. Website