Lynne U. Sneddon, Javier Lopez-Luna, David C.C. Wolfenden, Matthew C. Leach, Ana M. Valentim, Peter J. Steenbergen, Nabila Bardine, Amanda D. Currie, Donald M. Broom, and Culum Brown, Fish sentience denial: Muddying the waters


The research being commented on here has been criticized and defended in journals. Sneddon et al. (2018) add nothing substantive. We have nothing further to add. Readers are referred to Diggles (2018) and to Browman et al. (2018) for a detailed assessment.

Author Biography

Ben Diggles is an aquatic animal health specialist who for the last 25 years has studied various aspects relating to health, welfare and diseases of wild and captive fish, crustaceans and molluscs in both fisheries and aquaculture. Website

Howard I. Browman is principal research scientist at Institute of Marine Research, Norway, a government research institute that generates science and provides advice on the sustainable use of marine resources. He is also Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Marine Science, owned by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), a global intergovernmental organization that develops science and provides advice to support the sustainable use of the oceans. Website