Author Website


Commentary Type

Invited Commentary


Birch uses existing practice to develop a formal Animal Sentience Precautionary Principle (ASPP), which he hopes will become more widely adopted and improve animal welfare outcomes. Birch considers the assumption that all animals are sentient to be extreme. Despite its merits, Birch’s ASPP remains human-centred.

Author Biography

Simon Leadbeater is an independent consultant and researcher. He has written for the Ecologist, the Voluntary Sector Review, Hertfordshire Life, The Quarterly Journal of Forestry, and ECOS, the Journal of the British Association of Nature Conservationists. His book, The Politics of Textiles, was published by Sage Publications. His main challenge lies in restoring an ancient woodland. priorsenvironmental.com