Commentary Type

Invited Commentary


I agree with Woodruff’s concept of sentience but must disagree about what he proposes as the biological correlates of feeling. Based on the interpretation of brain function originally presented by Camilo Golgi, I assume that feelings are instantiated by hydro-ionic waves in living tissue. From this viewpoint, the anatomical, physiological and behavioural criteria of Woodruff would not be necessary to argue for sentience in fish.

Author Biography

Alfredo Pereira, Jr., Professor of Philosophy of Science, Institute of Biosciences, State University of São Paulo, does research on philosophy of neuroscience and consciousness. He has developed a philosophical theory called “Triple-Aspect Monism,” and written and edited around two hundred publications.