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Invited Commentary


Brian Key, Why fish do not feel pain


Evidence from neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and neuropsychology suggests that the experience of feelings in humans does not depend exclusively on structures of the cerebral cortex. It does not seem warranted to deny the possibility of feeling in animals on the grounds that their cerebral cortices are not comparable to those of humans.

Author Biography

Antonio Damasio damasio@dornsife.usc.edu is University Professor, David Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience, and Director of the Brain and Creativity Institute at the University of Southern California, and adjunct professor at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California. He has made seminal contributions to the understanding of brain processes underlying, emotions, feelings, decision-making and consciousness as described in several books (Descartes’ Error, The Feeling of What Happens, Looking for Spinoza, and Self Comes to Mind).


Hanna Damasio hdamasio@college.usc.edu is University Professor, Dana Dornsife Professor of Neuroscience, and Director of the Dana and David Dornsife Cognitive Neuroscience Imaging Center at the University of Southern California. Using computerized tomography and magnetic resonance scanning, she has developed methods of investigating human brain structure and studied functions such as language, memory and emotion. She is the author of Lesion Analysis in Neuropsychology and Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images. http://ngp.usc.edu/faculty/profile/?fid=28