In the 2023 WHR, the life satisfaction values for 2021, 2022, and 2023 were averaged. Scandinavian countries occupied five of the top seven positions, with Israel (number 4) and the Netherlands (number 5) taking the other two positions. In general, national well-being has been remarkably resilient despite the increase in global morbidity and mortality caused by the pandemic and the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Helping and altruistic behaviors increased during the pandemic and may have acted to counter the adverse effects of the pandemic and associated lockdowns.
Rowan, Andrew N.
"World Happiness Report 2023,"
WellBeing News: Vol. 5:
3, Article 1.
Available at: https://www.wellbeingintlstudiesrepository.org/wbn/vol5/iss3/1