Over the years, the use of laboratory animals by drug companies and other commercial laboratories has elicited more than its share of criticism. In the late 1970s, animal advocates turned their attention to the testing of cosmetics and personal care products on animals, with particular attention to lethal dose testing in rats and eye irritancy testing in rabbits. In 1980, a campaign against Revlon led to that company funding a research program at Rockefeller University to develop an alternative to eye irritancy testing on rabbits (producing the Neutral Red Test protocol, OECD Test Guideline 432, still widely used today.) Revlon’s initiative was followed by the cosmetic industry funding the establishment of the Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) in 1981. Forty years later, CAAT is still at the forefront of the debate on the use of laboratory animals and is now joined by numerous similar centers promoting alternatives in Europe, Asia and Brazil.
Rowan, Andrew N.
"Drug Company Research and Animal Use,"
WellBeing News: Vol. 3
, Article 1.
Available at: https://www.wellbeingintlstudiesrepository.org/wbn/vol3/iss1/1