Improving the long-term well-being of people should, with suitable foresight and wisdom, also involve improving the well-being of animals and the environment, and vice-versa. There should be ways to improve the well-being of all three elements of the PAE (people, animals, and the environment) triad by paying more attention to all of them and focusing on the intersections when looking at strategies to achieve well-being goals. Typically, most well-being (happiness) projects focus mainly on anthropocentric outcomes and impacts. However, we will include animals and the environment as equal partners in order to maximize the well-being of all life both locally and globally.
Rowan, Andrew N.
"Well-Being for People, Animals and Environment,"
WellBeing News: Vol. 1:
2, Article 2.
Available at: https://www.wellbeingintlstudiesrepository.org/wbn/vol1/iss2/2