It was some time before wildlife conservation came to be recognized as a science but its focus was mainly on the regulation of game species through hunting seasons. The modern development of Conservation Biology, following the environmental revolution of the 1970s, focused on the preservation of species, with little to no focus placed on individual animals. This led conservationists and animal welfare advocates to regard each other with suspicion and distrust. That division is now being challenged with the rise of alternative paradigms of conservation, one of which is called Compassionate Conservation that takes the well-being of wild lives as a core commitment.
Lynn, William S. and Hadidian, John
"Bridging The Divide Between Animal Protection And Traditional Conservation Biology,"
WellBeing News: Vol. 1:
2, Article 1.
Available at: https://www.wellbeingintlstudiesrepository.org/wbn/vol1/iss2/1