The author describes issues raised at a 1983 conference on Aquaculture held in Washington, DC. The intensive raising of fish and shellfish produces many of the same problems as the intensive rearing of chickens, pigs, and cattle. The fish experience high levels of stress and disease that must be addressed by treating the system with antibiotics and vaccines.
Fox, M. W.
"Aquaculture- Now, Factory Fish Farming,"
International Journal for the Study of Animal Problems: Vol. 4:
2, Article 3.
Available at: https://www.wellbeingintlstudiesrepository.org/ijsap/vol4/iss2/3