International Journal for the Study of Animal Problems


Robert A. Brown


It was in 1836 that the oldest humane society currently in existence, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, was founded in London. Many others were formed during the nineteenth century, such as the organization I now represent, which was founded in Chicago in 1899. Above all else, there is one distinguishing feature of this period for me: the movement had what is known in Chicago as clout. In marked contrast to the years following the First World War, humane societies enjoyed support from individuals of wealth, influence, and brains. That was a high point for the animal movement. After the first World War and up to around 1975, the animal movement can point to only a smattering of positive policy changes. But the situation may be changing for the better in the 1980s.