International Journal for the Study of Animal Problems


Joe R. Held


Several species of nonhuman primates, each possessing specific characteristics of particular value, are used by the United States biomedical community in various health-related activities. These animals are man's closest relatives and are indispensable in understanding and controlling human health problems. The destruction of primate habitats and embargoes on the export of primates from source countries have decreased the supply of these animals. The inadequate and erratic supply of these resources threatens the continuation of many ongoing and new activities contributing to improving human health. In the U.S., a program has been developed to meet the health needs of primates:

1) ensuring the most effective use of primates;

2) developing domestic production of primates; and

3) contributing to conservation programs to ensure a stable supply and long-term availability of primates from their countries of origin.