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Humane Society International (HSI) conducted two dog population surveys in all wards of Nainital (human population of 41,377). One was a street dog survey and the other was a survey of the private (pet) dog population. The survey generated an estimate of the street dog population of 770 dogs (19 street dogs per 1,000 people; 7.0 street dogs per km). Results from the household survey generated an estimate of the private dog population of 2,155 dogs (21.38 % dogs owning households and 0.23 dogs per household). Sterilization rates among private dogs were relatively high. Forty (42.6%) of the 94 dogs were sterilized. Eleven of the 40 sterilized dogs were sterilized at the ABC facility run by HSI India in Nainital. The monitoring street count surveys estimate an average density of 7.0 adult roaming dogs per km of street in the early morning of which 45.3% are female. None of the females were spayed and none of the males were castrated. Almost one third (29.4%) of the adult females were lactating. Most private dogs (72%) had received a rabies vaccination in the last 12 months. About 3.3% of households reported that someone in the household had experienced a dog bite in the last 12 months.