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Andrew Crump, Heather Browning, Alex Schnell, Charlotte Burn, and Jonathan Birch, Animal sentience research: Synthesis and proposals


Jurisprudence is based on normative principles that go beyond instrumental reasoning and practical goals concerning what is convenient. It concerns justice and truth. The empirical evidence justifies the legal protection of various species on legal grounds. Given the risks we face regarding climate degradation, international legal agencies must expand the framework of human rights and environmental law in order to effectively protect animals and their environments.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Author Biography

Carlos Montemayor, Professor of Philosophy, San Francisco State University. His books and articles focus on the diversity of intelligence, animal cognition, consciousness, artificial intelligence, epistemic agency, and attention. Website