Author Website




Commentary Type

Invited Commentary


Andrew Crump, Heather Browning, Alex Schnell, Charlotte Burn, and Jonathan Birch, Sentience in decapod crustaceans: A general framework and review of the evidence


We are in basic agreement with Crump et al. that animal welfare, particularly with regard to the experience of pain, is a topic of importance. However, we come to the issue from a different perspective, one in which all species are sentient and can feel pain. The implications of this theory are discussed.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Author Biography

Arthur S. Reber, Broeklundian Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, CUNY and Visiting Professor, Psychology, University of British Columbia. His research is on implicit learning: knowledge acquired largely independently of awareness. Website

František Baluška, IZMB, University of Bonn, integrates plant cell biology and physiology with sensory ecology and electrophysiology in the emerging field of plant neurobiology. He edits Plant Signaling & Behavior and Communicative & Integrative Biology, and the book series Signaling and Communication in Plants. Website

William B. Miller, Jr., is a physician, evolutionary biologist, and lecturer on the new science of the hologenomeand the impact of the microbial sphere on evolutionary development. Website