Gibbons, Matilda and Chittka, Lars (2022) A framework for evaluating evidence of pain in animals. Animal Sentience 32(28)
Andrew Crump, Heather Browning, Alex Schnell, Charlotte Burn, and Jonathan Birch, Sentience in decapod crustaceans: A general framework and review of the evidence
Crump et al. define eight criteria indicating sentience in animals, with a focus on pain. Here, we point out the risk of false negative or false positive diagnoses of pain. Criteria of different levels of inclusivity are useful for using the precautionary principle in animal welfare considerations, and for more formal scientific evidence of pain. We suggest tightening the criteria -- from more general evidence of sentience to pain alone -- because crucial evidence for animal welfare decisions might otherwise be missed for animals subjected to invasive and injurious procedures.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Behavioral Neurobiology Commons, Cognition and Perception Commons, Cognitive Neuroscience Commons, Ethics and Political Philosophy Commons, Philosophy of Mind Commons, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology Commons