Gamez, David (2019) The intelligence of sheep. Animal Sentience 25(27)
Lori Marino and Debra Merskin, Intelligence, complexity, and individuality in sheep
This commentary suggests how recent theories about the predictive brain could help us understand the evidence put forward by Marino & Merskin for intelligence in sheep. I contrast predictive intelligence in sheep with automatic behaviors that do not require intelligence, and I consider the flexibility of sheep intelligence.