Lori Marino and Debra Merskin, Intelligence, complexity, and individuality in sheep


Human prejudice and blindness to animal suffering are shocking. Despite their differences in culture, politics, and religious beliefs, humans have one thing in common. They see nonhuman animals as inferior and have since time immemorial assumed a dominant position in an asymmetrical human-animal relationship. When it comes to human-animal relations, there is no “clash of civilizations.” Human prejudice and blindness are predicated on “common sense assumptions” about the natural world and nonhuman animals in particular. Marino & Merskin’s review is part of the growing effort to debunk the assumptions that have shaped human actions so as to end the injustice we inflict on nonhuman animals.

Author Biography

Peter J. Li specializes in China's domestic and foreign policies, environmental and wildlife policy, and political and social transformation under conditions of economic modernization. He consults for Humane Society International on animal welfare policy issues in China and other East Asian nations. Website