Lori Marino and Debra Merskin, Intelligence, complexity, and individuality in sheep


Sheep feature in various animal fables. Marino & Merskin suggest that “we” view sheep as “docile, passive, unintelligent, and timid,” but animal fables do not support this view. In Aesop’s and Phaedrus’s fables, sheep are a primary target of injustice; but they are not passive targets. Sheep endure injustice actively and honestly. They are intelligent, aware and outspoken about their own condition.

Author Biography

Matteo Colombo works in the philosophy of science, philosophy of the cognitive and brain sciences, and moral psychology. He is interested in the foundations of theoretical neuroscience, and more generally in how resources from computational cognitive neuroscience can help us address philosophical puzzles about mind and morality. Website

Chiara Raucea is a researcher interested in questions about political equality and about rights of subjects who are in a position of vulnerability and dependency. She is a lecturer at Tilburg Law School and her work focuses on political boundaries, citizenship rights, and migration law. Website