Gácsi, Márta (2017) Beyond the provable?. Animal Sentience 14(12)
Miiamaaria V. Kujala, Canine emotions as seen through human social cognition
Reading Kujala’s (2017) target article, I wondered whether we really need to approach the issue of animals’ emotions the traditional way, asking whether animals have emotions that are identical, similar or precursors to those of humans. As an ethologist, I prefer to examine psychological phenomena from an evolutionary perspective, focusing on Tinbergen’s (1963) four questions (Bateson & Laland 2013).