Commentary Type

Invited Commentary


Reading Kujala’s (2017) target article, I wondered whether we really need to approach the issue of animals’ emotions the traditional way, asking whether animals have emotions that are identical, similar or precursors to those of humans. As an ethologist, I prefer to examine psychological phenomena from an evolutionary perspective, focusing on Tinbergen’s (1963) four questions (Bateson & Laland 2013).

Author Biography

Márta Gácsi is senior researcher at the Comparative Ethology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and investigates different aspects of dog-human interaction in the Family Dog Project. Her research includes wolf-dog comparative studies, ethorobotics, and the neurobiological background of dogs’ socio-cognitive and emotion processing abilities.