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I respond to five commentaries on my 2016 book What a Fish Knows. The commentaries express more harmony than dissent about my interpretation of fishes as cognitive, aware individuals deserving better treatment by humankind.

Author Biography

Jonathan Balcombe is an ethologist and author of several books on animals’ capacity to think, feel and experience pleasure. His most recent book, What a Fish Knows, explores the remarkable lives of the planet’s most misunderstood and maligned vertebrates. Balcombe lectures widely, and currently teaches a course in animal sentience for the Viridis Graduate Institute. www.jonathan-balcombe.com