Commentary Type

Open Commentary


Although fish can feel pain and suffer, they are not often protected legally. Jonathan Balcombe’s What a Fish Knows provides a timely and important contribution to the literature on animal cognition and sentience. By explaining their personalities and capabilities, Balcombe brings much needed public attention to fish and advances the principle that they need and deserve protection.

Author Biography

Kelly Levenda, student-programs attorney at the Animal Legal Defense Fund, works to advance the emerging field of animal law and support the next generation of animal lawyers by managing Animal Legal Defense Fund’s law student program. She is also a social media and website contributor at Fish Feel, which promotes the recognition of fish as sentient beings deserving of respect and protection.