Author Website


Commentary Type

Invited Commentary


Brian Key, Why fish do not feel pain


Key’s (2016) target article, “Why fish do not feel pain,” is based on a moralistic fallacy where conclusions about natural conditions are drawn not from research and experiments, but from subjective moral views on how things should be. Moreover, the neurobiological findings purporting to show that fish do not feel pain are insufficient for drawing this conclusion.

Author Biography

Pentti O. A. Haikonen pentti.haikonen@pp.inet.fi is Adjunct Professor at University of Illinois at Springfield. He is the author of Consciousness and Robot Sentience: Singapore: World Scientific (2012); Robot Brains; circuits and systems for conscious machines: UK: Wiley (2007); and The Cognitive Approach to Conscious Machines: UK: Imprint Academic (2003).