Most animal scientists are directly or indirectly instructed to avoid any hint of anthropomorphism, yet it is an approach that is invariably applied by scientists and lay people alike. Science may have gained some objectivity in discarding this common view of animals, but it has gone overboard in its rejection of the concept of the continuity of human and animal experiences. I hope to outline how an anthropomorphic perspective can be applied in ways that are a service to science and the animals themselves.
Lockwood, R. (1985). Anthropomorphism is not a four-letter word. In M.W. Fox & L.D. Mickley (Eds.), Advances in animal welfare science 1985/86 (pp. 185-199). Washington, DC: The Humane Society of the United States.
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This paper is based on invited presentations at the Conference on the Perception of Animals in American Culture, National Zoological Park, Washington, D.C., November 1983 and the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August 1984.