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Book Chapter

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Animals are now used extensively in research and teaching, and the appropriateness of their use appears to be questioned. Some people believe that we are in a new era where the animal activists have become much more influential, and that the antagonism between the scientists and these groups is worse than it ever has been. This does not appear to be the case. The preeminence of various influences seems rather cyclic, even perhaps influenced by such things as economic conditions or wars. At present, the question is often asked, "Should we continue to use animals in science?" The real question should be, "How do we use animals in research and teaching responsibly?" Anyone asking the first question begs credibility, while the second question implies that the questioner is realistic and responsible, with a concern for humanity as a whole.


Paper presented at the national conference, ''Animals and Humans: Ethical Perspectives," Moorhead State University, Moorhead, MN, April 21-23, 1986.